When The Wizard of Oz began principal photography on 12 October 1938, Buddy Ebsen was the original choice for the role of The Tin Man. He had finished all his costume and makeup tests, recorded his songs for the film soundtrack, and the rehearsals. A few days later, he was rushed to the hospital and placed in an oxygen tent when his lungs failed. The main reason for his illness was due to the aluminum dust in his makeup. Jack Haley replaced him and Buddy Ebsen went on to live till 2003.