Angkor Wat translates to “Capital Temple” (in Khmer, a Cambodian language) was originally constructed as a Hindu temple for the Khmer Empire by the King Suryavarman II in Yaśodharapura (modern day city Angkor) and was later transformed into a Buddhist temple towards the end of the 12th century. The name Angkor Wat has its origin in Sanskrit (nagara=nokor=Angkor for “capital city”) (vata=Wat “enclosure”). Angkor Wat is the symbol of Cambodia and this temple is featured in the national flag.    

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